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Case Study

Bird's-eye view the Fire Services Training School

Fire Services Training School at Pak Shing Kok

There is a need to construct a new Fire Services Training School to strengthen the Fire Services Department’s operational capabilities to cater for the development of the community. In view of this, the Redevelopment of Fire Services Training School (FSTS) at Pak Shing Kok, Tseung Kwan O was commenced in 2012. The works was carried out smoothly and completed in late 2015.

Entrance of the Fire Services Training School

Earth Tube

To better equip trainees with fire-fighting and rescue techniques to achieve high efficiency in operations, there are outdoor and indoor simulation facilities in the newly-built FSTS for various complex and large-scale emergency scenarios for fire-fighting and rescue training and practices. The simulators mainly cover seven types of emergency incidents related to buildings, transport, marine and water, gas, aircraft, hazardous materials and structural collapse.

The FSTS integrates a number of passive designs in architecture and active design features which puts strong emphasis on energy conservation and greening. To maximise energy efficiency, the FSTS has incorporated the installation of earth tubes to facilitate air ventilation in the building. Standard concrete tubes are installed underground to pre-condition the temperature of incoming air before it enters the buildings, thus reducing the energy required to heat up or cool down the buildings. Taking the advantage of the geographical location of the site, a solar hot water system, a photovoltaic system and a wind turbine system have been installed for environmental benefits.

Wind Turbines on Rooftop

Regarding greening, a green promenade, extensive prairie-style planting and re-vegetated slope are in place to maximise the greening to create a pleasant and relaxing environment for the trainees. Another green feature is a rainwater harvesting system for irrigating the large coverage of green area. A high volume underground water storage tank is built to accumulate the deposition of rainwater for reuse on-site.

In addition, the FSTS equips with various energy efficient and smart features with automatic controls in the following installations:

  • high efficient water-cooled chiller with heat recovery function;
  • variable refrigerant volume air conditioning system;
  • automatic demand control of chilled water circulation system;
  • automatic demand control of supply air;
  • demand control of fresh air supply with carbon dioxide sensors;
  • heat wheels/heat recovery fresh air pre-conditioners for heat energy reclaim of exhaust air;
  • energy efficient fluorescent tubes with electronic ballast and lighting control by occupancy sensors and daylight sensors;
  • light-emitting diode (LED) type exit signs; automatic on/off switching of lighting and ventilation fan inside the lift; and
  • building energy management system for large installations.